Beijing Half Marathon Results Spark Debate Over Fairness in Chinese Running

It was a dramatic, film-worthy display that sparked different interpretations depending on one’s perspective.

In the closing stretch of a half-marathon in Beijing on April 14, runners from Kenya, Ethiopia and China were leading—reportedly pacing together since the start. But as the group neared the finish line, the 25-year-old Chinese athlete He Jie, an Asian Games marathon gold medallist, began falling behind. Apparently noticing this, the three East African runners appeared to slow down, ultimately giving He a small but significant lead that led him to cross first.

The Chinese crowd erupted in applause for their homegrown winner, but the moment was met with a different reaction online, going viral in China and worldwide.

4月14日,北京半程马拉松比赛现场疑似出现假赛,引发大众质疑。视频中,比赛最后几百米,中国选手何杰原本落后,但3位外籍运动员中有人回头摆手疑似示意何杰反超,又示意队友减速。最终,何杰在默契中完成反超,以一秒优势夺冠。这一戏剧性画面引发大众质疑。… — 李老师不是你老师 (@whyyoutouzhele)

“It seems like the foreign players didn’t even want to compete!” one Weibo user . “It’s too fake,” another. One popular clip of the moment shared on X and seen more than a million times called the event “.” Chinese news outlet Sina Sports described the scene as “,” saying it has “severely damaged” the reputation of Chinese marathons.

China Daily, a state-run news outlet, published an opinion piece on Tuesday that said the Beijing Half Marathon has become a “” due to the affair. “Sports events are built on the pillars of openness and fairness. Any deviation not only undermines the essence of sports but also disrespects the spectators.”

The China Daily piece questioned in particular the role of Xtep, a Chinese sports brand that sponsored all four athletes as well as a fifth who was disqualified before the event reportedly due to “contractual conflicts.”

Local news outlet reported that Xtep has acknowledged an investigation is underway by the organizer Beijing Sports Competition Management and International Exchange Centre and that the Beijing Bureau of Sport initiated a probe after receiving feedback through its public hotline.

World Athletics, the international governing body of track and field sports, said in a statement shared with TIME: “We are aware of the footage circulating online from the Beijing Half Marathon and understand an investigation is currently being conducted by the relevant local authorities. The integrity of our sport is the highest priority at World Athletics. While this investigation is ongoing we are unable to provide further comment.”

Though many see the episode as scandalous, that’s not the case for Kenyan runner Willy Mnangat, who admitted to letting He overtake him to the finish line. “I was not there to compete,” Mnangat told the . The Kenyan runner told the that he was pacing for He because “he is my friend.” While pacesetters are common in the sport, Mnangat’s bib did not read “pace,” as is customary. The Kenyan argued that he doesn’t know why he was assigned a number when he was tasked to help He “break the national record,” which was a known goal for He going into the competition.

Mnangat’s fellow East African runners, Kenyan Robert Keter and Ethiopian Dejene Hailu Bikila have not commented on the incident.

Accusations in China of cheating in sports are not new, especially with distance running. In , a half-marathon in Shenzhen was marred by controversy after 258 of its participants were accused of cheating, with some caught on traffic cameras taking shortcuts and others found to have hired imposters to help complete the race. And in , on at least occasions, female runners received lifetime bans by local organizers after being caught riding a bike during half- and full-marathon events.

In the end, despite the boost from his peers, He, already a decorated Chinese athlete, didn’t break the national half-marathon record on Sunday, completing the 21 km. run in 1 hr, 3 min., and 44 sec., 107 seconds slower than the in February. He told the state-run he was not at his best during competition day due to illness but remains undeterred and looks forward to the Paris Olympics this summer. “Please believe in Chinese athletes,” he said. “I hope to showcase Chinese speed in Paris and let the world see the Chinese speed.”

But while the Beijing Half Marathon was meant to build momentum and enthusiasm for He and Chinese running ahead of the Olympics, observers lament that the fiasco at the finish line has instead cast a shadow over the notion that Chinese sportsmen can actually win fair and square.

Mark Dreyer, a Beijing-based journalist and commentator on Chinese sports and author of Sporting Superpower: An Insider’s View on China’s Quest to Be the Best, posted on : “The most frustrating thing for someone (me) who has covered – and promoted – the Chinese sports scene for 15+ years is that we’re talking about this absolute car crash of a finish instead of a young, rising Chinese athlete continuing his preparations for Paris.”